Ending Russia’s War Against Ukraine – How the West Can Relaunch the Peace Process

Over the last eight years, negotiations through the Trilateral Contact Group (OSCE, Ukraine, Russia) and Normandy Format (Germany, France, Ukraine, Russia) to end the war in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine have failed to achieve a peace agreement. The Russian-Ukrainian war has created two million internally displaced persons and refugees, killed over 15,000 combatants and civilians, and brought widespread destruction to the infrastructure and economy of the Donbas. There is little likelihood of achieving a peace settlement if the Trilateral Contact Group and Normandy Format remain in their current format.